18 Electric Vehicle Scheduling and Charging in Smart Cities

Muhammmad Amjad Mubashir Husain Rehmani and Tariq Umer

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Wah Cantt, Pakistan

18.1 Introduction

Urbanization has resulted in grave concerns such as need of good governance and people's quality of living. Therefore, the need of smart solutions to mitigate the bubbling consequences of urbanization are required. For this purpose, smart cities are envisioned as the acceptable and smarter solution to minimize the drastic impacts of urbanization (Celino & Kotoulas 2013). In smart cities, the advances in information and communications technologies (ICT) have been exploited to enhance the people's standard of living. The European Initiative on smart cities by the European Commission has focused on just the four main pillars for the smooth operation of smart cities, namely, infrastructure, heating and cooling, power, and transportation (Saint 2014).

As compared to vehicles that are based on internal combustion engines (ICE), the fuel‐cell electric vehicle (FCEV), the hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), and the plug‐in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) have gained much attention for future smart cities. PHEV or electric vehicles (EVs) can now be recharged at home and other available recharging locations such as parking lots (Clement‐Nyns et al. 2009). EVs are recognized as the smart solution for smart transportation in smart cities. With the inclusion of EVs, the benefits of sustainable ...

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