22 Securing Smart Cities Systems and Services: A Risk‐Based Analytics‐Driven Approach

Mahmoud Gad1 and Ibrahim Abualhaol2

1Cognitive Labs Inc., Ottawa, Canada

2Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada

22.1 Introduction to Cybersecurity for Smart Cities

Critical infrastructures (CI) are those assets or systems that are essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, which include energy, utilities, and transportation. A smart city is a city that incorporates smart solutions in order to optimize its resources and improve the quality of service. Resource management includes waste management, water management, and energy management. The quality of service includes e‐governance and citizen services, urban mobility, and telecommunications. This purpose is associated with a mission of driving economic growth and improves the quality of life of smart city citizens.

Smart cities services may be categorized into transportation, environment services, utility management, administration, and public safety, as shown in Figure 22.1. A more detailed taxonomy of smart cities services can be found in Lee and Lee (2014).

Smart city services depicted by 5 rounded boxes indicating transportation, environment services, utility management, administration, and public safety.

Figure 22.1 Smart city services.

The concept of smart city embraces several definitions depending on the meaning of the word “smart.” In Bowerman et al. (2000), it is a city that monitors and integrates all its critical infrastructures, including roads, ...

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