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Ubuntu Unleashed 2013 Edition: Covering 12.10 and 13.04, Eighth Edition by Matthew Helmke

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Group Listing

Different UNIX operating systems implement the group concept in various ways. Ubuntu uses a scheme called UPG (user private group) in which the default is that all users are assigned to a group with their own name. (The user’s username and group name are identical.) All the groups on a system are listed in /etc/group file.

Here is an example of a portion of the /etc/group file:

matthew@seymour:~$ cat /etc/grouproot:x:0:daemon:x:1:bin:x:2:sys:x:3:adm:x:4:matthewtty:x:5:disk:x:6:mail:x:8:news:x:9:fax:x:21:matthewvoice:x:22:cdrom:x:24:matthewfloppy:x:25:matthewtape:x:26:matthewwww-data:x:33:crontab:x:107:ssh:x:109:admin:x:115:matthewsaned:x:116:gdm:x:119:matthew:x:1000:ntp:x:122:

In this example, you see a number of groups, mostly ...

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