Chapter One

Assumptions, Perceptions, and Feelings

How They Influence Performance

Developing new skills sometimes requires changing our attitudes and cognitive beliefs about ourselves, others, and the world. We need an evidence-based model for this developmental process. Cognitive restructuring, one of the newest approaches to changing behavior, is based on a framework developed by Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. The basic goal is to identify internal monologues that are related to stressful events, to evaluate this self-talk for its rationality and influence on behavior, and then to produce new self-talk to modify the original cognition and the undesired behavioral pattern.

In order to set the stage for cognitive restructuring, we need a model ...

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