Chapter 12. Digital Cognition and Agency

The electric things have their life, too.

—PHILIP K. DICK

Shannon’s Logic

For the realm of information technology, the word information has a specific history. Just as ecological psychologist James J. Gibson chose the word for his work in psychology, Claude Shannon (1916–2001) appropriated it for his own, separate purposes. An American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer—often called the “Father of Information Theory”—Shannon was the prime mover behind a way of understanding and using information that has led to the digital revolution we’re experiencing today.[242] His work during World War II, and later at Bell Labs and MIT, is foundational to anything that relies on packaging ...

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