THE IMAGE STANDS IN FOR THE REAL THING
Representation is a convention in painting and sculpture whereby a flat image or a three-dimensional form is understood to stand in for a visual experience of something in the real world.
Translating a visual experience is central to the activity of representational art. The nature of the translation and how it affects the viewers’ perception of the subject becomes a powerful way in which expression may be achieved. Subjects may be simplified, distorted, or rebuilt in various ways. The viewers’ comparisons of their experiences of the real world with their apprehension of its representation in a work of art provides the ground for a wide variety of meaning and expression.
The origins ...