NFS consists of a number of components, including a mounting protocol and mount server, daemons that coordinate basic file service, and several diagnostic utilities. A portion of both the server-side and client-side software resides in the kernel. However, these parts of NFS need no configuration and are largely transparent from an administrator’s point of view.

NFS protocol versions

The NFS protocol has been remarkably stable over time. The original public release of NFS was version 2. In the early 1990s, a collection of changes was integrated into the protocol to produce version 3, which increases performance and provides better support for large files.

Since NFS version 2 clients cannot assume that a write ...

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