If the highest aim of a captain were to preserve his ship, he would keep it in port forever.
—Saint Thomas Aquinas
How do start-ups succeed and then sustain their success? How do organizations turn themselves around from the depths of failure or bring themselves back from the edge of extinction and then stay turned around after that? How is it possible to transform the educational results of large systems and whole societies, rather than in one or two schools at the expense of their neighbors? And how do leaders succeed when they face exceptionally challenging circumstances or have to operate with meager support compared to their peers?
Our detailed examination of fifteen organizations ...