**This chapter covers**

- Calculating numerical derivatives and integrals on your calculator
- Applying derivatives to find the slope, extrema, and inflection points of curves
- Using integrals to find the area under graphed curves

Calculus is a far-reaching subject, used throughout science, engineering, and many other fields. It was first developed by mathematicians Newton and Liebniz in the 17th century. Liebniz invented the integral notation that we use to this day, and he also built some of the first mechanical calculators. Newton used his work on calculus as a foundation for much of his well-known contributions to physics.

Calculus is related to the study of extremely small values, and the two ...

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