If . . . Then . . . Else Statement


If condition Then
[ElseIf condition-n Then
    [elseifstatements] ...
End If

Or, you can use the single-line syntax:

If condition Then [statements] [Else elsestatements]

Use: Required

Data Subtype: Boolean

An expression returning either True or False or an object type.


Use: Optional

Program code to be executed if condition is True.


Use: Optional

Same as condition.


Use: Optional

Program code to be executed if the corresponding condition-n is True.


Use: Optional

Program code to be executed if the corresponding condition or condition-n is False.


Executes a statement or block of statements based on the Boolean (True or False) value of an expression.

Rules at a Glance

  • If condition is True, the statements following the If are executed.

  • If condition is False and no Else or ElseIf statement is present, execution continues with the corresponding End If statement. If condition is False and ElseIf statements are present, the condition of the next ElseIf is tested. If condition is False, and an Else is present, the statements following the Else are executed.

  • In the block form, each If statement must have a corresponding End If statement. ElseIf statements don’t have their own End If. For example:

    If condition Then
    ElseIf condition Then
    End If
  • ElseIf and Else are optional, and any number of ElseIf and Else statements can appear in ...

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