Ivana Marková

10Dialogue and mutual understanding

Abstract: Dialogue, dialogism and dialogicality are central concepts of certain theoretical perspectives which presuppose that human social interactions and understanding are based on mutual construction of meaning and messages, rather than on their exchanges. This perspective is derived from ‘existential dialogism’ of neo-Kantian philosophy, from Bakhtin, Levinas and Vygotsky, among others. It presupposes that humans live in and through language, rather than use it as an instrument. The self and the other are conceived as interdependent in their search for intersubjectivity and for social recognition. Their dialogical relations reveal micro-social and macro-social forms of trust and distrust, ...

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