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Video Camera Techniques, 2nd Edition by Gerald Millerson

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Varying the Lens Angle

In a well-balanced sequence, there are wider shots (long shots) showing the broad action and its location; and closer shots (close-ups, mid-shots) concentrating attention on particular features. Each type of shot has its part to play in persuading and holding the audience’s interest.

Moving the camera

The most obvious method of adjusting shots is to change the position of your camera. For closer shots you simply move nearer; the subject itself appears larger and surroundings are gradually excluded. Moving further away for a longer shot, the subject now appears smaller, and you reveal more of the surroundings. You could shoot an entire production very successfully with the zoom lens left at around 25°. This straightforward ...

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