You will generally want to use long shots —
• To follow wide-ranging or fast action.
• When subjects are spread over a wide area.
• To show where the action is taking place.
• When you want to emphasize extent, i.e. to reveal how large, how crowded, or how extensive an area is (e.g. in a busy airport)
• To show progress; i.e. how far the climber has reached.
• To display an atmospheric effect; e.g. show a magnificent interior.
• To establish the time or season; e.g. falling snow beyond a window.
• To show how one subject’s position is related to another’s.
On the small TV screen, long shots give us an overall impression. Obviously they cannot show detail. A well balanced program sequence needs distant and closer ...