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Video Camera Techniques, 2nd Edition by Gerald Millerson

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The Picture Frame

We are so willing to accept the flat framed image on our TV screens as ‘real’, that we tend to overlook how artificial it actually is. We have become accustomed to the various strange effects we see there, and now regard them as ‘natural’!

The two-dimensional world

The flat screen and the restrictive frame around the picture, can produce some very strange illusions, which directly influence our interpretation of what we are looking at:

•  Subjects that are some distance apart, can appear joined together – e.g. a distant post appearing to ‘grow’ out of someone’s head.

•  The apparent shapes and sizes of objects in the scene can vary with the lens angle and the subject’s distance (perspective distortion).

•  The effects of tone ...

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