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Video Camera Techniques, 2nd Edition by Gerald Millerson

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The Basics of Composition

Composition is the technique of arranging pictures so that they not only please the eye, but create a deliberate emotional impact, directing the audience’s attention to particular parts of the scene.

Line

Whether the various lines running through a picture are real (structural or painted), or imaginary (formed by arrangements of objects or people), they will influence the viewers’ feelings about what they are seeing. Compositional lines (e.g. perspective) lead the eye within the picture.

•  Vertical straight lines give an impression of formality, height, restriction.

•  Horizontals can impart a feeling of breadth, openness, stability, rest.

If you take a straight-on shot of a scene containing such lines, the picture ...

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