O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Video Production, 12th Edition

Book Description

The revised twelfth edition of Video Production: Disciplines and Techniques introduces readers to the operations underlying video production. It provides thorough coverage of the theory and techniques readers need to know, balancing complexity with practical how-to information about detailed subjects in a concise, conversational style. The book has been updated to incorporate recent changes in the video production pipeline—emphasizing digital video, non-linear video production, streaming platforms, and mobile production—while maintaining the foundational, nuanced, teamwork-based approach that has made the book popular.

Each chapter includes key takeaways, review questions, and on-set exercises, and a comprehensive glossary defines all the key production terms discussed. An accompanying eResource includes downloadable versions of the forms and paperwork used in the book, in addition to links to further online resources.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Contents
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. 1 Introduction to Video Production
    1. Types of Productions
      1. Studio Production
      2. Field Production
      3. Remote Production
    2. The Production Path
      1. Transducing
      2. Channeling
      3. Selecting and Altering
      4. Monitoring
      5. Recording and Playback
    3. Convergence and the Digital Age
      1. Differences between Analog and Digital
      2. High-Definition Television
      3. Convergence
    4. A Short History of Video Production
      1. Early Television
      2. Uses of Film and Live Camera
      3. The Impact of Recorded and Edited Video
      4. Portable Video Equipment
      5. Computer-Based Technologies
    5. Aspects of Employment in the Video Industry
      1. Work Patterns
      2. Types of Jobs
      3. Employment Preparation
      4. Disciplines and Techniques
    6. Focus Points
    7. Review
    8. On Set
    9. Notes
  8. 2 Cast and Crew
    1. Producers
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    2. Directors
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    3. Associate Directors
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    4. Stage Managers
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    5. Camera Operators
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    6. Prompter Operators
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    7. Lighting Directors
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    8. Audio Engineers
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    9. Graphics Operators
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    10. Technical Directors
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    11. Recordists
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    12. Editors
      1. Before Production Begins
      2. During Rehearsal and Recording
      3. After the Production
    13. Other Positions
    14. Cast
      1. Performers
      2. Actors
    15. Focus Points
    16. Review
    17. On Set
    18. Notes
  9. 3 Producing and Scriptwriting
    1. Types of Producers
      1. Executive Producers
      2. Producers
      3. Associate and Assistant Producers
      4. Line Producers
      5. Hyphenates
    2. Budgets
      1. Costs of Productions
      2. Pay Rates
      3. Facilities and Equipment
      4. Constructing and Adhering to the Budget
      5. Budget Overruns
    3. Personnel
      1. Casting
      2. Crew Selection
    4. Schedules
    5. Legal Considerations
      1. Copyright Clearance
      2. Other Legal Issues
    6. Record Keeping
    7. Promotion and Evaluation
    8. Scriptwriting
      1. Treatments and Proposals
      2. Script Forms
    9. Focus Points
    10. Review
    11. On Set
    12. Notes
  10. 4 Directing
    1. The “Manager” Role
      1. Blocking
      2. Marking the Script
      3. Other Preparation
      4. Conducting Rehearsals
      5. Using Communication Devices
      6. Timing
      7. Calling Commands
    2. The “Artist” Role
      1. Shot Juxtaposition
      2. Camera Selection
      3. Shot Relationships
      4. Transitions
    3. The “Psychologist” Role
      1. Familiarity
      2. New Relationships
      3. Directorial Style
      4. Working with Talent
      5. Working with Crew
    4. Focus Points
    5. Review
    6. On Set
    7. Notes
  11. 5 Cameras
    1. Television Formats
      1. The Video Scanning Process
      2. Video Formats
    2. Principles of Video Color
      1. Hue
      2. Saturation
      3. Luminance
    3. Lens Characteristics
      1. Focal Length
      2. Focus
      3. F-Stop Aperture
      4. Depth of Field
      5. 3D and Virtual Reality
    4. Production Use of the Zoom
      1. Lens Ratio
      2. Movement Control
      3. Macro Lens
    5. Camera Controls
      1. Viewfinder Visual Indicators and Controls
      2. Shutter Control
      3. Filters
      4. White Balance
      5. Camera Control Unit
      6. Prompter
    6. DSLR and Smartphone Cameras
      1. DSLR Cameras
      2. Smartphone Cameras
    7. Camera Mounting and Movement
      1. Camera Head Movement
      2. Camera Mounts
      3. Camera Mount Movements
      4. Handheld Cameras
      5. Robotic Camera Control
      6. Drones
    8. Field of View
      1. The Long Shot (LS)
      2. The Medium Shot (MS)
      3. The Close-Up (CU)
    9. Picture Composition
      1. Framing
      2. Headroom
      3. Lead Room
      4. Depth Composition
      5. Angle of Elevation
      6. Balance
      7. Other Composition Problems
    10. Production Techniques
    11. Focus Points
    12. Review
    13. On Set
    14. Notes
  12. 6 Lighting
    1. Types of Light: Incident and Reflected
    2. Technical Lighting Objectives
      1. Intensity and Consistency
      2. Contrast Ratio
      3. Color Temperature
    3. Creative Lighting Objectives
      1. Shape, Texture, and Perspective
      2. Reality and Non-reality
      3. Mood
      4. Focus of Attention
    4. Lamps
      1. LED
      2. Fluorescent
      3. Quartz
      4. HMI
      5. Other Lamps
    5. Housings
      1. Spotlights
      2. Floodlights
    6. Lighting Styles
      1. Three-Point Lighting
      2. Multiple-Camera Lighting and Movement
      3. Flat Lighting
      4. Specialized Lighting
    7. Mounting Lights
      1. Hanging Mounts
      2. Floor Stands
    8. Lighting Control Factors
      1. Intensity
      2. Diffusion
      3. Shape
      4. Color
    9. Setting up Lights
    10. Safety Precautions and Disciplines
    11. Focus Points
    12. Review
    13. On Set
    14. Notes
  13. 7 Audio
    1. Microphones
      1. Frequency
      2. Amplitude
      3. Pickup Patterns
      4. Construction
      5. Positioning Possibilities
    2. Outboard Equipment
      1. Digital Equipment
      2. Analog Equipment
    3. Cables and Connectors
      1. Types of Cables
      2. Types of Connectors
      3. Patch Bays and Routers
      4. Care of Cables and Connectors
    4. Audio Consoles
      1. Types of Consoles
      2. The Basic Console
      3. Board Functions
    5. Speakers
    6. Recording Quality Sound
      1. Choose the Right Mic
      2. Position It Properly: Know and Use the Inverse Square Law
      3. Check and Recheck
      4. Provide Presence and Perspective
      5. Be Ready to Troubleshoot
      6. Adjust to Achieve the Right Balance
      7. Pay Close Attention
    7. Focus Points
    8. Review
    9. On Set
    10. Notes
  14. 8 Graphics and Sets
    1. Functions of Graphics and Sets
    2. Graphics Equipment
      1. Creating Graphics with Computers
      2. Working with Text
      3. Working with Graphics
      4. Storing and Recalling Graphics
    3. Graphics Aesthetics
      1. Graphic Design
      2. Aspect Ratios
    4. Other Graphics
      1. Using Out-of-Aspect Graphics
      2. Keystoning and Essential Area
    5. Basics of Sets
      1. Virtual Sets
      2. Physical Sets
    6. Furniture, Set Dressings, and Props
    7. Production Considerations When Creating Sets
      1. Camera Movement
      2. Microphone Placement
      3. Lighting Instruments
      4. Depth and the Z-Axis
      5. Talent Movement
    8. Focus Points
    9. Review
    10. On Set
    11. Notes
  15. 9 Video Switchers
    1. Switcher Basics
      1. Monitoring Multiple Signals
      2. Portable and Computer-Based Switchers
      3. Master Control and Routing Switchers
    2. Fundamentals of Switcher Design
      1. Buses
      2. Using the Preset Bus
      3. Wipes
      4. Keys
      5. Mix and Preview Buses
      6. Downstream Key and Fade Functions
    3. Operational Techniques for Video Switchers
      1. Switcher Overview
      2. Performing Dissolves
      3. Fader Movement
      4. Automatic Transitions
      5. Execution of the Wipe Transition
      6. Keyed Special Effects with Two and Three Sources
    4. Advanced Switcher Functions
      1. Digital Effects
      2. Advanced Controls
    5. The Director and the Technical Director
    6. Focus Points
    7. Review
    8. On Set
    9. Notes
  16. 10 Video Recording and Playback
    1. Video Basics
      1. Time Code
      2. Control and Diagnostic Components
      3. Composite and Component Signals
    2. Video Encoding and Compression
      1. Encoding Digital Video
      2. Compression Methods
      3. Containers
    3. Storage Technologies
      1. Hard Drives
      2. Optical Discs
      3. Solid State Media
    4. Video Servers
      1. Putting Video on Servers
      2. Using Servers
    5. Preparing Video for Multiple Devices
      1. Viewing Video Files
      2. Encoding Parameters
      3. Encoding Techniques
    6. Focus Points
    7. Review
    8. On Set
    9. Notes
  17. 11 Editing
    1. Editing Basics
      1. Off-line and On-line Editing
      2. Project Interchange Files
      3. Compression
    2. Editing Preparation
      1. Reviewing
      2. Decision Making
    3. Nonlinear Editing Techniques
      1. File Management
      2. Capturing and Importing Raw Material
      3. The Editing Workspace
      4. Output
    4. Editing Aesthetics
      1. When to Edit: Information and Action
      2. Pacing Cuts
      3. Jump Cuts
      4. Axis of Conversation/Axis of Action
      5. Special Transitions
    5. Ethics of Editing
    6. Focus Points
    7. Review
    8. On Set
  18. 12 Field Production
    1. Introduction
    2. Cast and Crew
      1. Crew Size
      2. Cleanup
      3. Nonsequential Shooting
    3. Producing
      1. Scripting
      2. Location Logistics
      3. Budgeting
      4. Conceptualization and Preproduction Planning
    4. Directing
      1. Rehearsals
      2. Production Processes
      3. Editing Aesthetics
    5. Cameras
      1. White Balancing
      2. Filters
      3. Power
      4. Camera Mounts and Movement
      5. Camera Care
    6. Lighting
      1. Indoor Location Lighting
      2. Outdoor Location Lighting
    7. Audio
      1. Microphones
      2. Control Equipment
      3. Wildtrack
      4. Extraneous Noise
    8. Graphics and Sets
      1. Graphics
      2. Sets
    9. Video Recording
      1. Setup and Connections
      2. Recording Procedures
    10. Editing
      1. The Editing Process
      2. Audio Editing
    11. Remote Truck Productions
    12. Focus Points
    13. Review
    14. On Set
  19. Glossary
  20. Index