Introduction

Where have we come from?

Although few of us were there at the time, it is most likely that from the first moment that human beings began to think, they simultaneously considered ways of managing their ideas and transmitting them to others in an orderly way. Certainly from the earliest times of written language there have been related thoughts about its management.

Stueart and Moran suggest that ‘as early as 3000 BC the Sumerians kept records on clay tablets’ (Stueart & Moran, in Sanders 2004, p.4). They were not alone. Pictorial symbols, carving or painting on stones or in caves, strong customs that regulate traditional storytelling; all these and their many variations were early manifestations of human attempts to organise knowledge. ...

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