Chapter 25. The Iterator Pattern
The Iterator is one of the simplest and most frequently used of the design patterns. The Iterator pattern allows you to move through a list or collection of data using a standard interface without having to know the details of the internal representations of that data. In addition, you can also define special iterators that perform some special processing and return only specified elements of the data collection.
The Iterator is useful because it provides a defined way to move through a set of data elements without exposing what is taking place inside the class. Since the Iterator is an interface, you can implement it in any way that is convenient for the data you are returning. Design Patterns suggests ...