© Margot Tollefson 2021
M. TollefsonVisualizing Data in R 4https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-6831-5_9

9. The Geometry, Statistic, Annotation, and borders( ) Functions

Margot Tollefson1  
Stratford, IA, USA

The geometry, statistic, annotation, and borders() functions create the contents of a plot. The functions open new layers on the figure and plot new information. The geometry functions, which all begin with geom_, create most of the many types of plots that can be created with the ggplot2 package. The statistic functions, which all begin with stat_, both create and add to plots. The functions statistically reduce the data before plotting. The annotation functions, which are the function annotate() or start with annotation_, provide a simple ...

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