7Integrity Constraints and Data Validation

7.1Introduction

For detecting non-admissible and inconsistent data and for preventing such data to be added to an application’s database, we need to define suitable integrity constraints that can be used by the application’s data validation mechanisms for catching these cases of flawed data. Integrity constraints are logical conditions that must be satisfied by the data entered by a user and stored in the application’s database.

For instance, if an application is managing data about persons including their birth dates and their death dates, then we must make sure that for any person record with a death date, this date is not before that person’s birth date.

Since integrity maintenance is fundamental ...

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