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Web Security, Privacy & Commerce, 2nd Edition by Gene Spafford, Simson Garfinkel

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Securely Using Fields, Hidden Fields, and Cookies

One of the reasons that it can be difficult to develop secure web applications has to do with the very architecture of web applications. When you develop an application, you generally write a body of code that runs locally on the web server and a much smaller body of code that is downloaded and run remotely on the user’s web browser. You might spend a lot of time making sure that these two code bases work properly together. For example, it’s very important to make sure that the field names downloaded in web forms exactly match the field names that server-side scripts are expecting. And you will probably spend time making sure that the HTML forms, JavaScript, and other codes that are downloaded to the browser work properly on a wide range of different browser programs.

Even in the best of times, it can be difficult to get software on the web browser and the web server to properly synchronize and interoperate. What makes this whole process difficult from the security perspective is that attackers, by definition, don’t play by the rules. Sure, they can run your HTML forms and JavaScript in well-behaved browsers, but they can also pick apart the code, analyze it, and send completely made-up responses back to your web server. These sorts of attacks are difficult to detect because they are very hard for normal web developers to test against—after all, most web developers don’t have a stable of CGI-script attack tools.

There is nothing inherently ...

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