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Web Technology: Theory and Practice by M. Srinivasan

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2.3 HTML TAGS

HTML is text written in the form of XML tags. Tags appear in pairs with a start-tag and an end-tag. A start-tag or an end-tag begins with the less-than character (<) and ends with the greater-than character (>). Looking at tags does not give a sense of a true programming language—they are rather directives that instruct the browser. Tags are understood by the browser and the directives point at how a piece of text is to be displayed. The HTML file is itself a text file that can be written using any text editor like vi, notepad or gedit. There are also special editors available, to simplify the task of writing. However, if they are to be written by hand all the time, only static content can be delivered. So, instead, it is being ...

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