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Web Technology: Theory and Practice by M. Srinivasan

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1

Web Foundations

Chapter Objectives:

  • Understand the history of the web

  • The technologies that make the web

  • The standard bodies that govern the web

The foundation of the web was laid around the 1960s in USA, when the ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency – renamed as DARPA – Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) researched into a localized networking concept on how they can share text documents from one computer to another. The technology they researched was aimed at how these computers can communicate even if a portion of the phone network crashed during say a war or flood or any calamity. When the then phone network was based on circuit switching technology, this research actually gave rise to the birth of packet switching in ...

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