Chapter 1

Introduction to Mobile Robotics


This is an introductory chapter that presents the field of wheeled mobile robotics. Initially the words “robot,” “mobile,” and “wheel” that appear in the title of the book are explained. Then a brief classification of autonomous mobile systems is presented and an overview of various levels of autonomy is discussed. A short review of applications is followed by a list of important historical milestones that influenced the development of autonomous wheeled mobile robots.


Robots; Mobile systems; Wheels; Autonomous systems; History

1.1 Introduction

1.1.1 Robots

The word robot has roots in Slavic languages. The meaning of “robota” in Polish is work or labor, while the word is more archaic ...

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