8.2. Understanding Permissions
Permissions are used to control who can access objects such as files, folders, shares, and printers. They also control the level of access that is granted. For example, a user may be granted permission to read a file or be granted permission to print to a printer.
Authentication and authorization go hand in hand, but they aren't the same thing. When a user logs on with credentials, the user is authenticated. However, just because a user can log on doesn't mean the user is authorized to access everything on a system or in a network. Permissions are used to provide the appropriate level of authorization or access for specific users or groups to specific resources and functions.
We cover three categories of resources ...