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Windows Server® 2008 TCP/IP Protocols and Services by Joseph Davies

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Tracert.exe Tool

The Tracert.exe tool uses ICMP Echo or ICMPv6 Echo Request messages to determine the path—the series of routers—that unicast IPv4 and IPv6 traffic takes from a source host to a destination host. Tracert tests reachability, name resolution, network latency, routing loops, and other issues.

When you tracert a destination IP address, the default behavior is to trace the route and report the round-trip time, the near-side router IP address, and the DNS name corresponding to the near-side router IP address. When you tracert a name, normal name resolution techniques resolve the name to an IP address before the ICMP Echo messages are sent. If TCP/IP for Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista is unable to resolve the name to an IP address, ...

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