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Windows Vista Security: Praxisorientierte Sicherheit für Profis by Marcus Nasarek

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Managing Software Once It’s Installed
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While you can view and work with local service providers started under your user
account, you must have administrator permission to view and work with local ser-
vice providers started by other user or system accounts. To view local service provid-
ers for other users and the operating system, click “Show for all users.” When
prompted, provide consent or credentials. You’ll then be able to view and work with
all local service providers.
Adding and Removing Windows Features
In earlier versions of Windows, you use the Add/Remove Windows Components
option of the Add or Remove Programs utility to add and remove operating system
components. In Windows Vista, operating system components are considered Win-
dows features that can be turned on and off rather than added and removed.
Table 4-3 provides a complete list of available Windows features and their uses. The
table also denotes the default on or off state for Windows Vista editions that sup-
port the feature.
Table 4-3. Windows features
Windows feature Description Default configuration
ActiveX Installer Services Enables the ActiveX Installer Services, which you can
use to install software based on policy settings.
Off
Games Enables the games included with the operating sys-
tems. You can select the Games option to install all
available games, or expand the Games node to
select individual games. Games available include
Chess Titans, FreeCell, Hearts, Inkball, Mahjong
Titans, Minesweeper, Purble Place, Solitaire, and
Spider Solitaire.
On
Indexing Service Windows Vista uses the Windows Search service for
content indexing and property caching of docu-
ments. If you are using your computer to provide
web server services, you can enable Indexing Ser-
vices for backward compatibility with search fea-
tures used in your web pages.
Off
Internet Information Services Windows Vista includes Internet Information Ser-
vices 7. You can use this option and its related sub-
options to configure FTP, web, and application
services.
On for partial subset
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 Enables .NET Framework 3.0, a comprehensive
framework for client-server communications over a
network. Some features in the operating system
require the related XPS viewer. If you install applica-
tions that require the Windows Communication
Foundation APIs, you can enable therelated options.
On for XPS Viewer
Microsoft Message Queue (MSMQ)
Server
Enables a server service that allows queuing for web
applications.
Off
130
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Chapter 4: Installing, Configuring, and Maintaining Software
Print Services Enables network printing services. Use Internet
Printing Client to enable your computer to use HTTP
to connect to a web print server. Use LPD Print Ser-
vice to enable your computer to work as a Line
Printer Daemon and Remote Line Printer client. Use
LPR Port Monitor to enableyour computer toprint to
TCP/IP printers connected to a Unix server.
On for Internet Printing Client
Remote Differential Compression Enables your computer to transfer the differences
between two objects over the network. This option
is used primarily with Group Policy and domain con-
figurations to reduce network bandwidth usage.
On
Removable Storage Management Enables management and cataloging of removable
media. Also allows you to operate automated
removable media devices, such as a tape library
device.
Off
RIP Listener Enables your computer to listen to route updates
sent by routers that use Routing Information Proto-
col Version 1 (RIPv1).
Off
Services for NFS Enables your computer to participate in file sharing
using the Network File Sharing (NFS) protocol. Use
Client for NFS if your office network has NFS shares.
Off
Simple TCPIP Services Enables simple TCP/IP services, such as echo and
daytime. These services may open your computer to
attack and are not recommended for use with Win-
dows Vista.
Off
SNMP Feature Enables Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMP) agents that monitor the activity of network
devices and create reports of this activity. Use Win-
dows Imaging Format (WMI) SNMP Provider only if
you are an administrator who uses SNMP adminis-
tration tools for monitoring network activities.
Off
Tablet PC Optional Components Enables optional components normally used with
Tablet computers including the Input Panel, Snip-
ping Tool, Sticky Notes, and Windows Journal.
On for Tablet PCs
Telnet Client Enables your computer to connect to other comput-
ers using Telnet.
Off
Telnet Server Enables yourcomputer toreceive Telnet connections
from other computers.
Off
TFTP Client Enables your computer to connect to other comput-
ers using TFTP.
Off
Windows DFS Replication Services Enables your computer to replicate files to other
computers and in this way keep your offline files in
sync.
On
Windows Fax and Scan Enables your computer to send, receive, and man-
age faxes, and to scan and manage documents.
On
Table 4-3. Windows features (continued)
Windows feature Description Default configuration

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