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Windows Vista Security: Praxisorientierte Sicherheit für Profis by Marcus Nasarek

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Chapter 6: Mastering Windows Explorer and Searching Your Computer
Although additional properties can be useful, sometimes you won’t want this infor-
mation to be saved with a file. For example, if you are publishing a file to a web site
or sending a file to someone as an attachment, you might not want this additional,
possibly sensitive information to be associated with the file. You can remove
extended properties from a file by completing the following steps:
1. Right-click the file and then select Properties.
2. In the Properties dialog box, click the Details tab.
3. Click the Remove Properties and Personal Information link.
4. In the Remove Properties dialog box, select “Create a copy with all possible
properties removed” to create a clean copy of the file.
5. When you click OK, the copy is created with the same filename as the previ-
ously selected file, and the suffix – Copy is added.
Resolving Indexing Problems
In order for you to perform searches, the Windows Search service must be running.
It must also be running to index files. If you suspect you are experiencing a problem
with searching or indexing, you should check the status of the Windows Search ser-
vice. For details on how to work with and troubleshoot services, see Chapter 20.
Other problems you may experience with searching and indexing have to do with:
Corrupt indexes
An indicator of a corrupt index is when your searches do not return the expected
results or new documents are not being indexed properly.
Improper index settings
An indicator of improper index settings is when your searches fail or the Win-
dows Search service generates bad file errors in the event logs.
Index location running out of space
An indicator of the index location running out of space is when indexing of new
documents fails and there are out-of-disk-space reports in the event logs for the
Windows Search service.
The Windows Search service does a good job of correcting some problems with
indexes automatically. For other types of problems, you’ll find error reports in the
form of Windows events in the system event logs. You can correct most problems
with searching and indexing by completing the following steps:
1. If you have a Windows Explorer window showing search results, click Search
Tools on the menu bar and then select Modify Index Locations. Otherwise, click
Start and then click Control Panel. In the Control Panel, click System and Main-
tenance and then click Indexing Options.
2. In the Indexing Options dialog box, click Advanced to display the Advanced
Options dialog box shown in Figure 6-29.
Indexing Your Computer for Faster Searches
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3. If you suspect your computer’s indexes are corrupt, click Rebuild. Windows
Vista rebuilds the indexes on your computer by stopping, clearing out indexes,
and then starting the Windows Search service. Indexes are similarly rebuilt
whenever you restart your computer.
4. If you suspect improper index settings are causing problems, click Restore
Defaults to restore the default indexing settings.
5. By default, the Windows Search service creates indexes in the %SystemDrive%\
ProgramData\Microsoft folder. If the %SystemDrive% folder is low on disk space
or if you want to try to balance the workload onto other hard disk drives, you
may want to change the index location. To do this, click Select New on the
Index Location panel. In the Browse for Folder dialog box, select the disk drive
and folder in which the index should be stored and then click OK. The next time
you restart your computer or the Window Search service, indexes will be cre-
ated in the new location.
6. Click OK. In the Indexing Options dialog box, you can track the status of re-
indexing files by watching the number of indexed items increase. The indexing
status should also, but will not always, list Indexing in Progress.

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