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Wireshark for Security Professionals by Adam Gordon, Jessey Bullock

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Chapter 3The Fundamentals

It's a sure bet that readers will come from a variety of backgrounds, possess varied skill sets, and approach Wireshark with a range of expectations. So, there are fundamentals to solidify before moving on. This chapter aims to both refresh memories and deliver new material (while acknowledging that readers will have different ideas of what needs refreshing and what might be new).

We highlight some key areas and assume that you will delve deeper into a topic if you wish to do so. There are three main areas where people's experience and expectations likely differ:

  • Networking
  • Security
  • Packet and protocol analysis

Each subject is chosen in anticipation of exercises in the upcoming chapters. We cover basic concepts and, where possible, apply those concepts toward the other two.

Note that some of the things covered may be considered too basic by some readers. It is our hope, however, that as you read you will discover some new and helpful concepts. The goal is to ensure that all readers have a common understanding of these fundamentals and can make the most of using Wireshark.

Networking

Without networking, there will be no packets to capture from the box you're sitting in front of now. It's essential we're on the same page about how information flows from one device to another, and nothing summarizes it better than working through the OSI model.

OSI Layers

Yes, it wouldn't be a networking discussion without mentioning the OSI model and the layers therein. ...

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