Women Leaders and Constitution Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

Pippa Norris

Recent decades have witnessed growing demands for the inclusion and empowerment of women leaders as elected representatives. Women representatives have made important strides in some nations, but progress worldwide has proved sluggish. A global comparison shows that on average women are one-sixth of all members of the lower houses of parliament today (16.6 percent), a proportion that has risen by less than five percentage points during the last two decades.1 A question arising from this situation is whether fast-track strategies are effective in accelerating the pace of change? These strategies include the use of reserved seats, which mandates offices ...

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