Changing ruminative behavior is achieved by practicing the four steps outlined in the previous chapters, though a further refinement was added by including differences in whether people expressed or inhibited their emotions. Rumination and emotional inhibition were the first two psychometric measures to emerge from the research, but subsequent work uncovered a total of eight different habitual behaviors that all contribute in some degree to making people more or less resilient. Of the eight measures, rumination is the most important. The second most important is detached coping, which forms the foundation for the third step in the program described in Chapter 4. We’ve also referred briefly to two other measures, ...

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