Chapter 4

C Programming Fundamentals

The C programming language was developed by Bell Laboratories in 1972 and has become the predominant high-level programming language. As a high-level language, C programs are machine independent; that is, they can be run on different computer systems. Assembly language uses an assembler to convert the symbolic program to machine code; whereas, the C programming language uses a compiler to convert the source code into machine code.

The C language is case sensitive; therefore, add () and ADD () are different function names. It is common practice to use lowercase for both the code statements and the comments. The main purpose of this chapter is to provide sufficient information regarding C programming in order ...

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