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XQuery, 2nd Edition by Priscilla Walmsley

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Chapter 17. Working with Numbers

A variety of numerical calculations can be performed using XQuery. This chapter describes the major numeric types, along with the operators and functions that act on numeric values. These include comparisons, arithmetic operations, and functions that operate on numeric values such as round and sum.

The Numeric Types

The four main numeric types supported in XQuery are xs:decimal, xs:integer, xs:float, and xs:double. All the operations and functions that can be performed on these types of numeric values can also be performed on values whose types are restrictions of these types. This includes user-defined types that appear in a schema, as well as the built-in derived types such as xs:positiveInteger and xs:unsignedByte. For a complete list and explanation of these built-in derived types, see Appendix B.

The xs:decimal Type

The type xs:decimal represents a signed decimal number of implementation-defined precision. Numeric literals that contain only digits and a decimal point (no letter E or e) are considered decimal numbers, with the type xs:decimal. For example, 25.5 and 25.0 are xs:decimal values.

The xs:integer Type

The type xs:integer represents a signed integer. The limit on how large an xs:integer value can be is implementation-defined. Numeric literals that contain only digits (no decimal points or the letter E or e) are considered integers, with the type xs:integer. For example, 25 is an xs:integer value.

In the type hierarchy, xs:integer is derived ...

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