Four short links: 25 October 2018

Winners Take All, Fairness, Simultaneous Translation, Secure GPUs

By Nat Torkington
October 25, 2018
Four short links
  1. Winners Take All: The Elite Charade of Changing the World (YouTube) — talk at Google (!) by Anand Giridharadas, author of a book of the same name. What a great talk.
  2. Fairness and Abstraction in Sociological SystemsBedrock concepts in computer science such as abstraction and modular design are used to define notions of fairness and discrimination, to produce fairness-aware learning algorithms, and to intervene at different stages of a decision-making pipeline to produce “fair” outcomes. In this paper, however, we contend that these concepts render technical interventions ineffective, inaccurate, and sometimes dangerously misguided when they enter the societal context that surrounds decision-making systems. We outline this mismatch with five “traps” that fair-ML work can fall into even as it attempts to be more context-aware in comparison with traditional data science. Noted researcher (and Friend Of O’Reilly) danah boyd is a co-author.
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  4. Baidu Simultaneous Translation — audio to text, Chinese to English. Bring on the Babelfish!
  5. Graviton: Trusted Execution Environments on GPUsGraviton enables applications to offload security- and performance-sensitive kernels and data to a GPU, and execute kernels in isolation from other code running on the GPU and all software on the host, including the device driver, the operating system, and the hypervisor.
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