A client that needs an IP address follows these steps to obtain an IP address on a DHCP network:
Step 1. The client sends a DHCP Discover message with a destination IP address of 255.255.255.255 and a destination MAC address of FF-FF-FF-FF-FF-FF.
Step 2. This DHCP Discover message broadcasts over the network, and the DHCP server replies with a DHCP Offer, including a suggested IP address.
Step 3. The requesting client sends a DHCP Request to use the IP address suggested in the DHCP offer.
Step 4. The DHCP server responds with a DHCP Acknowledgment.
Table 1-15 outlines the configuration commands and parameters necessary to implement and verify DHCP.