WHILE DEPTH-OF-FIELD CAN provide sharp focus in all or most of your scene, it’s a dual-edged sword. Shallow DOF can help your subject pop out against a distracting background or isolate one element in the frame while reducing other parts of the image to a soft blur. This technique is called selective focus.

The gentleman in Figure 11.1 was costumed in Middle Ages finery, but surrounded by anachronistic elements, including a horde of casually dressed modern-era tourists. I used a large f/stop (smaller numbers, f/5.6 in this case) to preserve his medieval dignity. For Figure 11.2, my goal was not to ...

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