1. See Miller and Ireland (2005) and Wehmeier (2006).

Chapter 1

1. See Stevenson (2004).

2. See Norman (1999, 2004).

3. See Harvey (n.d.).

4. The first theoretical treatment of the term “stakeholder” was Freeman’s (1984) seminal book, Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach.

5. Post et al. (2002) proposed the following more restrictive definition of a stakeholder: “The stakeholders in a corporation are the individuals and constituencies that contribute, either voluntarily or involuntarily, to its wealth-creating capacity and activities, and that are therefore its potential beneficiaries and/or risk bearers” (p. 19).

6. Driscoll and Starik (2004) nominated the natural environment as a stakeholder. Haigh and Griffiths (2009) ...

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