Part XXXIV: Radiation and scattering in spherical coordinates

12.3. Scattering of a plane wave from a rigid sphere

In this example, the expression scattering has been applied rather than reflection because not only does a sphere reflect sound but sound waves can bend around it, a phenomenon known as diffraction. Generally, scattering refers to a mixture of reflection and diffraction. In the case of reflection from a plane (see Section 4.9), we used rectangular coordinates in x and y. Here, we are considering a sphere [1], so it is convenient to use axially symmetrical spherical coordinates in r and θ as shown in Fig. 12.1. In general, the solution for the resultant field is the sum of the incident field in the absence of any obstacle and ...

Get Acoustics: Sound Fields, Transducers and Vibration, 2nd Edition now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.