Basics of Total Station
The most commonly used surveying instrument today is the total station (Fig. 7.1). A total station is a combination of an electronic theodolite, an electronic distance measuring device (EDM) and a microprocessor with memory unit. The electronic digital theodolite, first introduced in the late 1960s by Carl Zeiss Inc., helped to set the stage for modem field data collection and processing. When the electronic theodolite was used with a built-in electronic distance-measuring ...