Responding to Configuration Changes
When an application is running on a device, and the device’s configuration changes (for example, is rotated 90 degrees), your application needs to respond accordingly. The new configuration will most likely look different from the previous configuration. For example, switching from portrait to landscape mode means the screen went from being tall and narrow to being short and wide. The UI elements (buttons, text, lists, and so on) will need to be rearranged, resized, or even removed to accommodate the new configuration.
In Android, a configuration change by default causes the current activity to go away and be re-created. The application itself keeps on running, but it has the opportunity to change ...