Although the Internet is the infrastructure for a myriad of protocols, e-mail and the Web are the two services most people associate with it. In this chapter, you'll learn how nicely Lua fits into the Web part of the equation. In this chapter, you learn about the following:
The basic operation of web servers
Generating web content dynamically with Lua
Issues with serving dynamic content
Handling input from users by means of forms
The basics of the Lua-based Kepler web server environment
Along the way, you'll see how Lua can make use of community libraries to dynamically generate attractive, informative web pages.
To generate web pages using Lua, you should have a comfortable grasp on how web servers operate. This understanding will let you develop Lua programs that focus on the Web's strengths and deal with the Web's limitations in as graceful a manner as possible. As you'll see in this chapter, a successful web application draws on many different tools, with the web server itself playing the central role.
Conceptually, a web server is pretty simple. It's an application that runs on a host and listens for inbound connections. It has access to resources, generally web pages, that are handed out in response to requests made by other applications, usually web browsers. These requests and responses conform to a standard known as hypertext transfer protocol, or HTTP. Unlike many other protocols that define how two applications can have an ...