Chapter 2Knowledge is Power

Science and Science Policy

A significant trend at the beginning of the twenty-first century is the increasing importance of multinational organizations in the formulation of science policy. Most research institutions continue to be national in character and the bulk of financial support for these institutions continues to be from government and other state agencies. Several trends however, including the transnational character of many scientific problems and the emergence of regional free-trade areas, were at the turn of the century eroding the purely national character of many such institutions and increasing interest in multinational policy approaches.

Governments and private companies in the US, the EU and Japan ...

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