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C++ How to Program, Sixth Edition by H. M. Deitel - Deitel & Associates, Inc., P. J. Deitel - Deitel & Associates, Inc.

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Appendix A. Operator Precedence and Associativity Chart

Operator Precedence

Operators are shown in decreasing order of precedence from top to bottom (Fig. A.1).

Table A.1. Operator precedence and associativity chart.

Operator

Type

Associativity

::

binary scope resolution

left to right

::

unary scope resolution

 

()

parentheses

left to right

[]

array subscript

 

.

member selection via object

 

->

member selection via pointer

 

++

unary postfix increment

 

--

unary postfix decrement

 

typeid

runtime type information

 

dynamic_cast < type >

runtime type-checked cast

 

static_cast< type >

compile-time type-checked cast

 

reinterpret_cast< type >

cast for nonstandard conversions

 

const_cast< type >

cast away const-ness

 

++

unary prefix increment

right to left

--

unary prefix decrement

 

+

unary plus ...

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