Network Layer Routing (Forwarding) Logic

Routers and end-user computers (called hosts in a TCP/IP network) work together to perform IP routing. The host operating system (OS) has TCP/IP software, including the software that implements the network layer. Hosts use that software to choose where to send IP packets, oftentimes to a nearby router. Those routers make choices of where to send the IP packet next. Together, the hosts and routers deliver the IP packet to the correct destination, as seen in the example in Figure 4-1.

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Figure 4-1 Routing Logic: PC1 Sending an IP Packet to PC2

The IP packet, created by PC1, goes from the top of the figure ...

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