An IPv6 address contains 128 bits, a much larger address space than the address space in IPv4. It can provide approximately 3.4 * 10 ^ 38 addresses.
IPv6 addresses are represented as a series of 16-bit fields presented as a hexadecimal number and separated by colons (:). The format used is x:x:x:x:x:x:x:x.
To shorten the writing of IPv6 addresses, you can use the following techniques:
• The leading 0s in a field are optional.
• You can use two colons (::) to compress successive hexadecimal fields of 0s at the beginning, middle, or end of an IPv6 address; this can be done one time in an address (see Figure 11-1).
The main benefits of IPv6 include the following:
• Has a larger ...