CHAPTER 2Windows Operating System


Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions:

  • What is the history of the Windows operating system?

  • What is the architecture of Windows and its operation?

  • How do you configure and monitor Windows?

  • How is Windows kept secure?

Key Terms

This chapter uses the following key terms. You can find the definitions in the Glossary.

Disk Operating System (DOS) page 21

MS-DOS page 21

vulnerability page 26

Windows Defender page 26

encryption page 26

firewall page 26

hardware abstraction layer (HAL) page 27

kernel page 27

File Allocation Table (FAT) page 28

Extended FAT (exFAT) page 29

Hierarchical File System Plus (HFS+) page 29

Extended File System (EXT) page 29

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