This chapter covers the following topics:
Multilayer switching (MLS) is a cache-based forwarding model. After the initial packet is handled by the router, all subsequent packets are forwarded by the hardware switching engine. The phrase “route once, switch many” comes to mind. Traditionally, the router has two primary tasks:
It must participate with other routers to learn and populate routes in the routing table.
It must software switch packets between its interfaces.
The chapter focuses on the switching component of the router and the role ...