2 Introducing Interfaces
A CLASS’S interface, speaking abstractly, is the collection of methods and fields that the class permits objects of other classes to access. This interface usually represents a commitment that the methods will perform the operation implied by their names and as specified by code comments, tests, and other documentation. A class’s implementation is the code that lies within its methods.
Java elevates the notion of interface to be a separate construct, expressly separating interface—what an object must do—from implementation—how an object fulfills this commitment. Java interfaces allow several classes to provide the same functionality, and they open the possibility that a class can implement more than one interface.