1.13 The Magnetic Field
The magnetic field that exists around a current is called an H field. This field is a force field that reacts against another magnetic field. The force field can be observed using a small compass or by noting the alignment of iron filings on a piece of paper that is threaded by a current carrying conductor. The Biot Savart's (Ampere's) law says that the line integral of H around any closed path is 4πI, where I is the current threading that loop. The value of H along the path of integration depends on permeability. In a high permeability part of the path, H is a low intensity field.
The H field is a vector field as it has intensity and direction at all points in space. The shape of the H field is usually represented by a series of curved lines. The H field intensity is the greatest where these curved lines concentrate. For a single round conductor carrying a steady current, the H field is represented by circles that surround the conductor (see Fig. 1.3 in Section 1.18).
The second description of the magnetic field is the induction or B field. The induction measure of the field is needed whenever voltages are involved. The value of B in teslas ...