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Digital Signal Processing: A Practical Guide for Engineers and Scientists by Steven Smith

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CHAPTER 27

Data Compression

Data transmission and storage cost money. The more information being dealt with, the more it costs. In spite of this, most digital data are not stored in the most compact form. Rather, they are stored in whatever way makes them easiest to use, such as: ASCII text from word processors, binary code that can be executed on a computer, individual samples from a data acquisition system, etc. Typically, these easy-to-use encoding methods require data files about twice as large as actually needed to represent the information. Data compression is the general term for the various algorithms and programs developed to address this problem. A compression program is used to convert data from an easy-to-use format to one optimized ...

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